Harnessing land’s power for sustainable energy solutions.

By Oliver Townsend Jun 26, 2024
Ground Realities: Making land work for renewable energy.jpegOrginal image from: https://idronline.org/article/climate-emergency/ground-realities-making-land-work-for-renewable-energy/

Land plays a crucial role in India’s renewable energy development, serving as a valuable resource for sustainable energy production. As the demand for power continues to rise, the need for more energy infrastructure, particularly in the form of renewable energy, becomes evident. However, the acquisition and utilization of land for renewable energy projects present challenges and complexities that must be navigated responsibly.

The Growing Demand for Renewable Energy Infrastructure

India’s peak power demand is projected to increase significantly by 2030, necessitating a substantial expansion of the country’s energy capacity. Renewable energy sources are expected to play a crucial role in meeting this demand, with solar, wind, hydro, and nuclear energy contributing a significant portion of the installed capacity. However, the land requirements for these renewable energy projects are substantial, raising concerns about the responsible use of land resources.

The Historical Context of Land Acquisition for Renewable Energy

In the past, land acquisition for renewable energy projects often involved the conversion of agricultural land for non-agricultural purposes. While this practice provided land for energy infrastructure development, it also raised issues related to compensation, land rights, and environmental impacts. The introduction of the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act in 2013 aimed to address these issues by regulating land use and ensuring the protection of landowners’ rights.

The Impact of Land Acquisition Practices on Communities

Despite legislative efforts to regulate land acquisition, certain loopholes and exemptions have allowed renewable energy projects to bypass critical assessments and safeguards, leading to negative social and environmental consequences. Dispossession, loss of livelihood, and ecological damage have been observed in communities affected by land acquisition for renewable energy projects. It is essential to consider the long-term impacts of land use changes on local communities and ecosystems.

Responsible Land Use Strategies for Renewable Energy

Implementing Multiple Land Use Models

Exploring innovative models of multiple land use, such as agrivoltaics and hybrid power systems, can offer opportunities to balance energy production with agricultural activities. By allowing farming and energy generation to coexist on the same land, these models can benefit both farmers and renewable energy developers while minimizing environmental impacts.

Embracing Leasing as a Land Acquisition Strategy

Shifting towards a leasing model for land acquisition can provide flexibility and cost-effectiveness for renewable energy projects. By leasing land from local communities, developers can establish fair compensation mechanisms, ensure community involvement, and build long-term relationships based on trust and transparency.

Enhancing Collaboration with Civil Society Organizations

Engaging with civil society organizations can facilitate meaningful dialogue and negotiation processes between developers, communities, and government authorities. By involving trusted intermediaries in land acquisition negotiations, developers can address community concerns, uphold human rights standards, and promote inclusive decision-making processes.


As India pursues its renewable energy goals, the responsible use of land resources for energy infrastructure becomes paramount. By adopting sustainable land acquisition practices, respecting land rights, and prioritizing community engagement, renewable energy developers can ensure that their projects are socially inclusive, environmentally sustainable, and economically viable. Balancing energy needs with land conservation efforts is essential for achieving a successful transition to renewable energy in India.

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