EC wants Bulgaria to accelerate RRP and transition to clean energy.

By Oliver Townsend Jun 19, 2024
EC urges Bulgaria to speed up RRP implementation, shift to clean energy.jpegOrginal image from:

When it comes to meeting the European Commission’s recommendations, Bulgaria has some work to do. The EC recently urged Bulgaria to accelerate the implementation of cohesion policy programs and the Recovery and Resilience Plan (RRP) in 2024 and 2025. Additionally, Bulgaria is encouraged to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels and transition towards clean energy. These recommendations are part of the European Semester 2024 Spring Package, which outlines specific steps Bulgaria needs to take to enhance its economy and energy sector.

Reforms and Investments for a Sustainable Future

By August 2026, Bulgaria is expected to complete necessary reforms and investments to improve public administration efficiency, procurement procedures, and regulatory independence. The focus is on boosting capacity at the regional level and enhancing the overall functionality of the system. The country is also advised to finalize the REPowerEU chapter and maintain its commitment to cohesion policy programs. Leveraging the Strategic Technologies for Europe Platform initiative is crucial to enhance competitiveness and drive sustainable growth.

Transitioning to Renewable Energy

Bulgaria faces challenges in decarbonizing its economy, improving sustainable transport, and enhancing the quality of education and skills development. To address these issues, Bulgaria needs to shift towards renewable energy sources in district heating, increase wind installations, and expand storage capacities for a more flexible energy system. Strengthening the electricity grid by incorporating smart grid elements and improving interconnections with neighboring countries are essential steps towards a sustainable energy transition.

Addressing Energy Poverty and Liberalization

The postponed liberalization of the electricity market is identified as a hurdle in Bulgaria’s journey towards clean and affordable energy. The EC emphasizes the importance of addressing energy poverty through targeted measures that reduce the number of households struggling to maintain adequate warmth. Bulgaria is encouraged to promote sustainable urban and railway transport by accelerating infrastructure development efforts.

Ensuring Fiscal Responsibility and Enhancing Education

In addition to energy-related reforms, Bulgaria is advised to submit its medium-term fiscal-structural plan promptly. The country should aim to limit net expenditure growth in 2025 to maintain a general government deficit below 3% of GDP and keep government debt at a manageable level. Educational reforms are also recommended, including enhancing teacher training, implementing competence-based teaching methods, and addressing labor shortages to boost competitiveness and support the green transition.


As Bulgaria navigates the path towards a more sustainable and resilient economy, it is essential for the country to heed the European Commission’s recommendations. By accelerating the implementation of cohesion policies, transitioning to clean energy sources, and investing in key sectors like education and infrastructure, Bulgaria can pave the way for a greener and more prosperous future. Taking decisive action now can position Bulgaria as a leader in the clean energy transition and set the stage for sustainable growth and development in the years to come.

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