ISRO’s spacecraft captures solar fury with two onboard instruments.

By Oliver Townsend Jun 10, 2024
ISRO’s Aditya-L1 spacecraft’s two onboard instruments capture solar fury.jpegOrginal image from: https://indianexpress.com/article/technology/science/isros-aditya-l1-spacecrafts-two-onboard-instruments-capture-solar-fury-9383200/

ISRO’s Aditya-L1 spacecraft has captured the dynamic activities of the Sun through its two onboard instruments, the Solar Ultra Violet Imaging Telescope (SUIT) and the Visible Emission Line Coronagraph (VELC). These instruments have documented several X-class and M-class flares, along with Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs), resulting in significant geomagnetic storms. This achievement marks a significant milestone in India’s space exploration journey.

Understanding ISRO’s Aditya-L1 Mission

India’s Aditya-L1 mission reached the Lagrangian point (L1) on January 6, 2024, after being launched on September 2, 2023. The spacecraft’s strategic location at L1, approximately 1.5 million km from Earth, allows for continuous observation of the Sun. The SUIT and VELC instruments onboard have been instrumental in capturing the Sun’s dynamic activities during May 2024, showcasing the capabilities of Indian space technology.

Significance of Solar Imaging Instruments

The SUIT instrument has provided detailed images of the Sun’s ultraviolet emissions, shedding light on various solar phenomena such as flares and CMEs. On the other hand, the VELC instrument has captured visible emissions from the Sun, allowing scientists to study solar dynamics with precision. These instruments play a crucial role in advancing our understanding of the Sun’s behavior and its impact on space weather.

Impact of Solar Flares and CMEs

The recent recordings of X-class and M-class flares, associated with CMEs, have led to significant geomagnetic storms. These solar events can disrupt satellite communications, power grids, and navigation systems on Earth, highlighting the importance of studying and predicting solar activity. ISRO’s Aditya-L1 mission has provided valuable data that can help in better forecasting and mitigating the effects of such space weather events.

Future Prospects and Research Avenues

ISRO’s successful capture of solar activities through the Aditya-L1 spacecraft opens up new possibilities for future research and collaborations in the field of solar science. The data collected by the SUIT and VELC instruments can be analyzed to gain deeper insights into solar dynamics and contribute to global efforts in space weather monitoring. This achievement reaffirms India’s position in space exploration and scientific innovation.

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