Aditya-L1 sends vital data from solar flare with 2 payloads.

By Oliver Townsend Jun 10, 2024
2 main payloads on Aditya-L1 send key data from solar flare event.gifOrginal image from:

India’s first dedicated solar space observatory mission, Aditya-L1, has captured key data from a solar flare event with its two main payloads. During a period of heightened solar activity in May 2024, the active region ‘AR13664’ released powerful X-class and M-class solar flares, along with coronal mass ejections. The Solar Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (SUIT) and the Visible Emission Line Coronagraph (VELC) on Aditya-L1 recorded images and data of these significant solar events.

Capturing Solar Activity with SUIT and VELC

The SUIT and VELC payloads on Aditya-L1 provided valuable insights into the solar activity during the heightened eruptions on the Sun. While some payloads observed events in real-time, SUIT and VELC were undergoing calibration and captured data after the completion of their operations. VELC obtained a raster scan image of the solar corona, showcasing the location of the active region ‘AR13664’ that triggered the solar storms.

High-Resolution Images and Energy Transfer

SUIT’s high-resolution images in multiple ultraviolet wavelengths revealed detailed information about active regions, sunspots, and other solar features. By capturing images in different wavelengths, SUIT studied energy transfer processes in various layers of the Sun’s atmosphere. The data collected by SUIT is expected to improve space weather forecasting and predictions, enhancing our understanding of solar dynamics.

Insights from Different Wavelengths

SUIT’s observations in six different wavelengths provided unique insights into the Sun’s atmosphere. By focusing on specific regions like the chromosphere, SUIT shed light on how solar flares heat up different layers of the Sun’s atmosphere. The data collected from these diverse imaging channels is crucial for studying the Sun’s behavior and its impact on Earth’s environment.

Advancing Solar Research with Aditya-L1

Aditya-L1’s multi-wavelength view of the Sun’s atmosphere, combined with data from other payloads like SoLEXS and HEL1O, offers unprecedented insights into solar phenomena. By leveraging observations from space-based assets like Aditya-L1 and ground-based facilities, scientists can enhance their understanding of solar dynamics and their effects on space weather conditions.


The data collected by Aditya-L1’s SUIT and VELC payloads during the solar flare event in May 2024 has provided valuable information for solar research. By capturing images and data of significant solar activity, Aditya-L1 is contributing to our knowledge of solar dynamics and their impact on Earth. The findings from Aditya-L1’s payloads are expected to advance space weather forecasting and deepen our understanding of the Sun’s behavior.

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