May brings farmer joy as solar leasing interest on the rise

By Oliver Townsend Jun 6, 2024
Farmer Sentiment Recovers in May; Interest in Solar Leasing Rising.webpOrginal image from:

U.S. farmers saw a boost in their outlook in May as indicated by the Purdue University/CME Group Ag Economy Barometer index reaching 108, a 9-point increase from April. The rise was driven by improvements in both the Index of Future Expectations and the Current Conditions Index. Despite the positive trend, financial challenges for 2024 still remain a concern for farmers. The increase in crop prices in mid-May, along with good corn and soybean planting progress, contributed to the improved sentiment among farmers this month.

The Barometer’s Findings

The Farm Financial Performance Index also saw a rise to 82 in May, reflecting a 6-point increase from April. However, the index remains lower than the end of last year, indicating that farmers anticipate a more financially challenging year in 2024. Producers’ outlook on capital investments improved slightly, with the Farm Capital Investment Index increasing to 35. The survey revealed that most respondents believe it’s not an ideal time to make large investments due to factors like interest rates and high prices for farm machinery.

Farmland Values and Energy Production

Producers’ one-year farmland value expectations remained steady in May, with a slight increase in the Short-Term Farmland Value Expectations Index. The outlook on farmland values has weakened compared to last fall, with energy production from wind and solar installations emerging as a new factor influencing optimism among respondents. Interest in Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) projects by ethanol plants is also increasing, driven by tax credits.

Leasing Farmland for Solar Energy Production

Recent survey findings indicate a growing interest in leasing farmland for solar energy production. Approximately 20% of respondents explored this option in April and May, with over half receiving offers of $1,000 per acre or more for long-term leases. Around 30% of those who considered leasing options have now signed solar energy leases for their farmland. This trend highlights a shift towards renewable energy sources in agriculture.


The increase in farmer sentiment and interest in solar leasing reflect evolving trends in the agricultural industry. As farmers navigate financial challenges and explore new opportunities like energy production projects, it’s essential to stay informed and adapt to changing market dynamics. The findings from the Purdue University/CME Group Ag Economy Barometer offer valuable insights into the current state of the agricultural sector and highlight potential areas for growth and innovation.

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